Within the rules, they may improvise freely; their choices shape the direction and outcome of the games.Role-playing can also be done online in the form of group story creation, involving anywhere from two to several hundred people, utilizing public forums, private message boards, mailing lists, chatrooms, and instant-messaging chat clients (e.g., MSN, Yahoo!, ICQ) to build worlds and characters that may last a few hours, or several years.
She accurately judged role-playing in the theatre as rehearsal and actor training, or the playing of the role of actor versus theatre roles, but many now use her games for fun in their own right.
A role-playing game is a game in which the participants assume the roles of characters and collaboratively create stories.
Participants determine the actions of their characters based on their characterisation, and the actions succeed or fail according to a formal system of rules and guidelines.
The ancient Romans, Han Chinese, and medieval Europeans all enjoyed occasionally organizing events in which everyone pretended to be from an earlier age, and entertainment appears to have been the primary purpose of these activities.
Within the 20th century historical re-enactment has often been pursued as a hobby.
Improvisational theatre dates back to the Commedia dell'Arte tradition of the 16th century.Modern improvisational theatre began in the classroom with the "theatre games" of Viola Spolin and Keith Johnstone in the 1950s.Role-playing refers to the changing of one's behaviour to assume a role, either unconsciously to fill a social role, or consciously to act out an adopted role.While the Oxford English Dictionary offers a definition of role-playing as "the changing of one's behaviour to fulfill a social role", Many children participate in a form of role-playing known as make believe, wherein they adopt certain roles such as doctor and act out those roles in character.Sometimes make believe adopts an oppositional nature, resulting in games such as cops and robbers.Historical re-enactment has been practiced by adults for millennia.