Consequently for the traditional practicing Muslim the only accepted relationship between the sexes may be through marriage or concubines.The two are the only forms legitimized by Shiite Islam.
Tradition for most is rooted in religion and class and patriarchy have been constant features of Iranian society since ancient times.
Class in its simplest form is mainly based on income and financial status or family genealogy, though modernity and traditionalism might also be used to distinguish classes.
In Iran different classes are bounded together through different processes and have different cultures.
For example kinship is a primary source of security and financial support for low-income families.
While with the affluent kinship is a source of emotional and psychological support and welfare.
Division of labor could be a relatively simple division between the public (mens work) and domestic (womens work) for the poor and/or uneducated, or a technical division in sophisticated work environments for highly trained and educated professional males and females.Generally the lower and uneducated classes may regard females as inferior or different who are entitled to a lesser position in the society.On the other hand the modern classes normally strive to guarantee the equality of sexes and eliminate gender discrimination.Tradition is mostly based on religion particularly Islam and its prescribed codes of behavior, however it contains elements that are much older.For example the prominent position allocated to family as reflected in the Islamic sources and legal codes is a continuation of universal practices adopted by most Eastern societies since ancient times.What makes a difference with respect to Islam is the belief held by many Muslims that Islam is a body of values, ideas and beliefs that should encompass all spheres of life, including personal and social relationships, economics and politics.